INNOVATIONS

Key materials for

electric vehicle components

Dec 21, 2021

 

The message from the world’s biggest auto shows this year has been clear – the world’s largest automakers are placing a huge priority on electric vehicles (EVs).

 

For instance, almost all of the top cars touted at IAA Mobility 2021 were EVs. In fact, Europe’s Car of the Year 2022 will probably be electric, and we’re talking approachable brands aimed at families and the mass market.

 

So, is it finally time to say that EVs are moving into the mainstream – and if so, what does that mean for supply and related markets?

 

 

Why is demand for EVs surging?

 

It’s pretty clear from what we’ve mentioned above that automakers themselves are now jumping into the EV fast lane, committing new models to electric power and the gains that come with a green alternative to burning gasoline or diesel.

 

The changing tide from combustion vehicles is also being influenced by government policies as the world seeks to cut harmful road emissions, from U.S. President Joe Biden’s push to ensure half the vehicles sold in the U.S. are EVs or plug-in hybrids by 2030 to the UK moving to mandate that new homes and buildings come with EV charging points from next year. Overall last year, governments worldwide spent US$14 billion on direct purchase incentives and tax deductions for EVs, which was a 25 percent jump year-on-year.

 

And that’s all having a very clear impact on demand. Over 40 percent of consumers thinking about buying a car in the coming months say they will buy an EV according to a recent survey of more than 9,000 people across 13 countries.

 

 

An expanding market outlook for EVs

 

2020 was a big year for the EV market, as the global electric car numbers reached the 10 million mark, which was a 43 percent leap over 2019.

 

This year, we have seen EV sales continue to grow in China, Europe, and the U.S. –  increasing 160 percent in the first half of 2021 and making up more than a quarter of new global auto sales. And global EV numbers are set to hit 145 million by 2030, according to the International Energy Agency.

 

In turn, we can expect to see a clear impact on the materials used to make EVs, which are shown in the infographic below.

 

 

 

The material world of EVs

 

EV manufacturing is one of the world’s largest among industries that consume raw materials. There are various types of materials used in making these vehicles, ranging from metals such as steel, cast iron, sintered metal, copper, zinc, and aluminum to nonmetals like rubber, glass, plastic adhesives, and fibers.

 

Samsung C&T Trading & Investment Group trades key EV materials, including steel for the vehicle itself, as well as lithium, nickel, and cobalt for EV batteries. Naturally, these core material markets are generally affected by EV demand. It is therefore vital to secure enough of these materials and strengthen the supply chain required to manufacture EVs in order to ensure that they are affordable for the mass market.

 

This is where Samsung C&T comes in, with the company paying close attention to the market to try to stabilize supply and its role set to become even bigger as demand for EVs soars. In addition to supplying raw materials related to EVs, it is also actively considering opportunities to participate in related industries that are expected to grow significantly, such as EV charging facilities.